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As of January 2009, this site is definitely closed, but you can follow Safa Haeri on his new blog: DAMAVAND at http://wwwdamavandsafa.blogspot.com

Saddam Was A Captured Dictator.

Published Monday, January 8, 2007



The execution of Saddam Hussein was an act of revenge. Saddam’s death was a triumph for Bush, Blair, and their Shiite-led regime installed in Iraq. It was a wish of Iraqi Islamists, like Dawa party and Moqtada Sadr, who was determined to kill Saddam in any circumstance. It was a trophy for Mollahs in Tehran, who vowed to eliminate Saddam.

In a clandestine footage, the unclear images show Saddam’ being led to the gallows. People present at the execution can be heard perversely taunting Saddam, shouting "Go to hell!" and chanting "Muqtada, Muqtada, Muqtada", in a reference to Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, an Islamist militia leader who is a major power behind Shi’ite Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.

The shaky mobile-phone video shows execution guards trading insults with Saddam and praising the radical Shiite preacher Muqtada al-Sadr -- whose father, many believe, was murdered by Saddam. In an Islamist atmosphere, cheers of “Allah Akbar” (Allah is great) can be heard after Saddam is hung.

Who can prove that Mohammad’s massacre of Bani Quraizeh was a permitted act of “jihad”, whereas Saddam’s order of the execution of 148 Shiite townspeople of Dujail was a crime?

The international community considers the whole affair as a gruesome circus and is outraged -- especially at Iraqi Prime Minister, whose government hurried-up the execution. Some even suspect Maliki of using Saddam's execution as a gift to his Shi’ite supporters. Saddam's half-brother Barzan Ibrahim and Awad al-Bandar, a former chief justice of the Revolutionary Court, were condemned to death last November with Saddam-- for murdering 148 Shiites in 1982 in Dujail (their execution is delayed).

Human Rights Watch, the International judicial authorities, and Amnesty International have said Saddam’s trial was flawed and manipulated by the US and the Iraqi government. I believe Saddam should have been brought before an international court for his crimes against humanity, as was the case of Nazi criminals and Milosowitch of ex-Yugoslavia. This will hopefully be the case of Islamic Republic of Iran’s criminals.

Like any dictator of the Islamic world, Saddam considered himself a hand-picked creature of Allah. He was not an Islamist militant like Ahmadinejad, or a son of an Ayatollah, like Abolhassan Banisadr, IRI’s first president. However psychological factors, which push every dictator to the verge of megalomania, made a secular Saddam God’s hand-picked Muslim. Saddam, like any dictator, needed a political theory placing all power in his hand. Considering Islam as a political religion, what else can justify a dictatorship in the Islamic world? Therefore, observant Muslim or not, he used Islam as a spring board for his dictatorship. Although Saddam started his career in a secular circle--he ended up being a Muslim dictator.

In his divine megalomania he assimilated his determination with Ali, the Fourth Caliph of Muslims. He placed the emblem “Allah Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest) on the Iraqi flag. He fulfilled his Mecca pilgrimage at the peak of his brutal dictatorship. He issued terror-fatwa against the “enemies of Islam”. He promoted Islam into the doctrine of his Baath party, a secular and a pan-Arab movement espousing Arab renaissance, unity, and socialism.

Saddam was dreaming of restoring in Baghdad the great Golden Ages of the glories of its ancient and Islamic empires. As a megalomaniac Muslim, he regarded himself as heir of the kings of Mesopotamia, Hammurabi (the first law giver), and Nebuchadnezzar (builder of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon).

Saddam Was A Captured Dictator.-Body

Saddam became a patron of the arts, like Harun Al Rashid, the Islamic Caliph of the Abbasid Empire. He saw himself as a reincarnation of Salaheddin, the liberator of Islamic territory of Palestine from the “unbeliever“ Christian Crusaders. In short Saddam was nothing less than a typical Muslim. He shared his ideals with many Islamic rulers, who believed that they were bestowed with divine qualities to rule.

Even under the gallows, he demonstrably kept faith with Islam. He enthusiastically cried out verses of the Koran. He humbly made solemn gestures, shortly before death. All of which implied total submission to Allah. Saddam implicitly proclaimed that he was to die as a Muslim. Other people in his place would cry out their last slogans for patriotism, ideology, conviction, or at least for their own innocence-- but Saddam only declared his religion. Thus he decided to die as a Muslim; victim or martyr was no longer important for him, his last wish was to die as a convicted Muslim.

According to this Islamic judicial system, if a free Muslim (not a slave, who has another status in Shari’a) kills a slave, or one of his children, or one of his descendants, capital punishment cannot be applied to him. If the same Muslim kills a free person, the murderer can compensate the victim’s family. In other words, the compensation is a judicial tool for wealthy and mighty perpetrators to escape from the punishment, whereas a poor Muslim or a slave, who fights for his freedom, can be beheaded for murder.

Mighty Saddam followed this rule! Furthermore, this is a judicial system of any Islamic state at any time, especially at the epoch of Mohammad. It has always served the ruling class, wealthy people, and patriarchal norms of the Islamic societies.

Capital punishment was a political instrument for Mohammad to physically purge his opponents. A typical example is the massacre of Bani Quraizeh tribe, ordered by Mohammad. Let’s compare Saddam’s massacre of Dujail with Muhammad’s massacre of Bani Quraizeh.

Thus he decided to die as a Muslim; victim or martyr was no longer important for him, his last wish was to die as a convicted Muslim.

According to Ali Dashti’s 23 saal (23 Years) and Tabari’s history, Mohammad ordered the summarily beheading of the male population of Bani Quraizeh tribe, following a war. Nine hundred captured men and youth of the tribe were beheaded. Their property was taken as war booty, and their women and children as slaves were divided among the Muslims. According to Tabari, Mohammad’s soldiers were allowed to rape the married wives of captured men.

Who can prove that Mohammad’s massacre of Bani Quraizeh was a permitted act of “jihad”, whereas Saddam’s order of the execution of 148 Shiite townspeople of Dujail was a crime?

The massacre of men and rape of women from Bani Quraizeh were not considered a crime, but in fact, a permitted act of revenge. Based on Islamic rules, such atrocities must even be under the supervision of Muslim authorities who know Islamic laws (Shari’a)

The above example shows that such a barbaric judicial system has no right, today, to be part of a functional judicial system. As we saw in the executions of several thousand political prisoners due to a death-fatwa from Khomeini, this system has inspired many thousands of executions in the Islamic world. Needless to mention, this similar judicial system condemned Saddam

Saddam did not initiate the tradition of crimes; it was there in Islam itself. Saddam was a captured executor of the Islamic tradition, whereas many other executors escape punishment for similar crimes.

Most terrorists and dictators today have Islamic origin. They conceive their inspiration from Islam. Terms like jihad or martyrdom are their philosophy of violence. Their role models are early Islamic legends like Muhammad, Imam Ali, Imam Hussein, etc., who all fought “enemies of Islam”. All dictators in the Islamic world, like Saddam, Khomeini, and Ahmadinejad are nothing but followers of the old role models. ENDS RASHIDIAN 8107

Editor’s note: Mr. Rashidian is an Iranian political analyst living in Germany.

He contributed this article to IPS.

Highlights and some editing are by IPS


 

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As of January 2009, this site is definitely closed, but you can follow Safa Haeri on his new blog: DAMAVAND at http://wwwdamavandsafa.blogspot.com


Saddam Was A Captured Dictator.-Main
Saddam Hussein decided to die as a Muslim



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